# FAQ: A Carrier Signal And Message Signal To Fm Signal?

## Is carrier signal and message signal same?

With the help of message signal we vary the corresponding carrier signal which is high frequency signal and capable to transmit wirelessly for longer range, if both carrier and message signal frequencies are the same then it is not required for modulation.

## What is message signal and carrier signal?

The message signal is a cosine wave or a sine wave. In another word, the message signal is a sinusoidal wave function. This is the same for a carrier wave except its frequency is very large when compare to the frequency of the message signal.

## What is carrier signal in FM wave?

The satellites continuously broadcast electromagnetic signals in the L-band, which is used for radio communication. Each satellite transmits two sinusoidal carrier signals, L1 and L2, with frequencies of 1575.42 and 1227.60 MHz, respectively.

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## What is the relation of message signal frequency FM and carrier signal frequency FC?

Example: suppose in FM radio that the audio signal to be transmitted ranges from 20 to 15,000 Hz (it does). If the FM system used a maximum modulating index, b, of 5.0, then the frequency would “swing” by a maximum of 5 x 15 kHz = 75 kHz above and below the carrier frequency.

## What is another name of message signal?

The sinusoidal signal that is used in the modulation is known as the carrier signal, or simply “the carrier”. The signal that is used in modulating the carrier signal(or sinusoidal signal) is known as the ” data signal ” or the “message signal”.

## How does a carrier signal work?

Carrier Signal is also called Carrier Wave In the transmitter, an electronic oscillator generates a sinusoidal alternating current of radio frequency; this is the carrier wave. Most radio systems in the 20th century used frequency modulation (FM) or amplitude modulation (AM) to add information to the carrier.

## What is the message signal?

Message or Modulating Signal The signal which contains a message to be transmitted, is called as a message signal. It is a baseband signal, which has to undergo the process of modulation, to get transmitted. Hence, it is also called as the modulating signal.

## What is the difference between signal and message?

A message is usually a block of memory passed from one program to another (or one part of a program to another part) containing structured data. A “signal” might just be a single bit setting (i.e. binary, on or off) signifying perhaps that some event has occured or stopped occuring.

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## Why do we need a carrier signal?

It is used to carry signals from one location to another on the surface of earth. We need the carrier waves of high frequency for distant communication because high frequency carrier waves travel with the speed of light and do not require a material medium to propagate.

## How is FM signal generated?

FM signals can be generated either by using direct frequency modulation, which is achieved by inputting a message directly into a voltage-controlled oscillator, or by using indirect frequency modulation, which is achieved by integrating a message signal to generate a phase-modulated signal, which is then used to

## Why is FM signal better than AM?

“FM, which stands for Frequency Modulation, has better sound quality due to higher bandwidth. Also, the way the audio is encoded for FM makes it less sensitive to interference from electrical activity from storms or electrical devices than AM.

## What are the advantages of AM over FM signal?

The main advantages of FM over AM are: Improved signal to noise ratio (about 25dB) w.r.t. to man made interference. Smaller geographical interference between neighboring stations. Less radiated power.

## What is the bandwidth of AM signal?

The full audio spectrum ranges up to 20 kHz, but AM radio limits the upper modulating frequency to 5 kHz. This results in a maximum bandwidth of 10 kHz.

## Why the carrier signal doesn’t carry any signal?

A carrier wave is a pure wave of constant frequency, a bit like a sine wave. By itself it doesn’t carry much information that we can relate to (such as speech or data). This process of imposing an input signal onto a carrier wave is called modulation.

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## What would happen if a 1 kHz signal amplitude modulated a 1 kHz carrier signal?

When a carrier is modulated in any way, further signals are created either side of the steady carrier. Therefore when a tone of 1 kHz is mixed with a carrier of 1 MHz, a “sum” frequency is produced at 1 MHz + 1 kHz, and a difference frequency is produced at 1 MHz – 1 kHz, i.e. 1 kHz above and below the carrier.