FAQ: Am And Fm Modulation Schemes?

What is FM and AM modulation?

Frequency modulation (FM) and amplitude modulation (AM) are used to transmit data in the form of electromagnetic waves. While AM follows the process of modulating the amplitude of the carrier wave where frequency remains constant, in case of FM, the wave frequency varies, and amplitude remains constant.

What are the types of FM modulation?

There are two different types of frequency modulation used in telecommunications: analog frequency modulation and digital frequency modulation.

Which is better AM or FM modulation?

FM has better sound quality due to higher bandwidth. Twice the highest modulating frequency. In AM radio broadcasting, the modulating signal has bandwidth of 15kHz, and hence the bandwidth of an amplitude-modulated signal is 30kHz. Twice the sum of the modulating signal frequency and the frequency deviation.

What are disadvantages of FM?

Disadvantages of FM: Much more Bandwidth (as much as 20 times as much). Frequency Modulation

  • Improved signal to noise ratio (about 25dB) w.r.t. to man made interference.
  • Smaller geographical interference between neighboring stations.
  • Less radiated power.
  • Well defined service areas for given transmitter power.
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What do AM and FM stand for?

AM and FM modulated signals for radio. AM (Amplitude Modulation) and FM (Frequency Modulation) are types of modulation (coding). The electrical signal from program material, usually coming from a studio, is mixed with a carrier wave of a specific frequency, then broadcast.

What is the total sideband power of there is 100% modulation?

When the carrier is fully modulated i.e. 100% the amplitude of the modulation is equal to half that of the main carrier, i.e. the sum of the powers of the sidebands is equal to half that of the carrier. This means that each sideband is just a quarter of the total power.

What is the disadvantage of FM over AM?

Explanation: The disadvantage of FM over AM is that in frequency modulation large bandwidth is required. While, in case of advantages, FM is less prone to noise interference and has lower power consumption compared to AM. So it is only used in frequency modulation and not in amplitude modulation.

What are the modulation techniques?

Modulation techniques are roughly divided into four types: Analog modulation, Digital modulation, Pulse modulation, and Spread spectrum method. Analog modulation is typically used for AM, FM radio, and short-wave broadcasting. Digital modulation involves transmission of binary signals (0 and 1).

What are the two main types of modulation techniques?

These modulation techniques are classified into two major types: analog and digital or pulse modulation.

What are the three types of modulation?

There are three types of Modulation:

  • Amplitude Modulation.
  • Frequency Modulation.
  • Phase Modulation.
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How does FM demodulator work?

In any radio that is designed to receive frequency modulated signals there is some form of FM demodulator or detector. This circuit takes in frequency modulated RF signals and takes the modulation from the signal to output only the modulation that had been applied at the transmitter.

Which travels farther AM or FM?

Although AM waves can be received at greater distances than FM waves, FM. waves do have advantages. They are not affected by static as much as Am waves. Static is caused by electricity in the atmosphere.

What is FM generation?

FM signals can be generated using either direct or indirect frequency modulation: Direct FM modulation can be achieved by directly feeding the message into the input of a voltage-controlled oscillator. For indirect FM modulation, the message signal is integrated to generate a phase-modulated signal.


Below we can see the span of frequencies that are commonly used in communications. Broadcast transmitters for AM, FM and Television use frequencies below 1000 MHz, Wi-Fi uses two bands at higher frequencies – 2.4 and 5GHz. Cellular phones use many different frequencies.

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