## Does AM or FM use more bandwidth?

FM uses a higher frequency range and a bigger bandwidth than AM. AM radio operates from 535 kHz (kiloHertz) to 1605 kHz. When you tune the dial on your radio, the number changes by 10 kHz each time. This means that each station has 10 kHz of bandwidth on which to broadcast.

## What is the standard bandwidth of AM and FM?

The Amplitude Modulated (AM radio) carrier frequencies are in the frequency range 535-1605 kHz. Carrier frequencies of 540 to 1600 kHz are assigned at 10 kHz intervals. The FM radio band is from 88 to 108 MHz between VHF television Channels 6 and 7.

## What is the bandwidth for AM radio?

In the AM band, each AM station has a maximum bandwidth of 10 kHz, extending 5 kHz above and 5 kHz below the assigned center frequency. The AM band in the United States covers frequencies from 540 kHz up to 1700 kHz, in 10 kHz steps (540, 550, 560 1680, 1690, 1700).

## What is the difference between AM and FM?

The difference is in how the carrier wave is modulated, or altered. With AM radio, the amplitude, or overall strength, of the signal is varied to incorporate the sound information. With FM, the frequency ( the number of times each second that the current changes direction) of the carrier signal is varied.

## What is bandwidth in FM?

FM radio uses frequency modulation, of course. The frequency band for FM radio is about 88 to 108 MHz. The information signal is music and voice which falls in the audio spectrum. If FM transmitters use a maximum modulation index of about 5.0, so the resulting bandwidth is 180 kHz (roughly 0.2 MHz).

## Why does FM need high bandwidth?

However, FM signals are impacted by physical barriers. FM has better sound quality due to higher bandwidth. Twice the sum of the modulating signal frequency and the frequency deviation. If the frequency deviation is 75kHz and the modulating signal frequency is 15kHz, the bandwidth required is 180kHz.

## How is FM signal bandwidth calculated?

Commercial FM signals use a peak frequency deviation of ∆f = 75 kHz and a maximum baseband message frequency of fm = 15 kHz. Carson’s rule estimates the FM signal bandwidth as BT = 2(75 + 15) = 180 kHz which is six times the 30 kHz bandwidth that would be required for AM modulation.

## How is FM signal generated?

FM signals can be generated either by using direct frequency modulation, which is achieved by inputting a message directly into a voltage-controlled oscillator, or by using indirect frequency modulation, which is achieved by integrating a message signal to generate a phase-modulated signal, which is then used to

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AM stands for Amplitude Modulation and has poorer sound quality compared with FM, but it is cheaper to transmit and can be sent over long distances — especially at night. The lower frequencies of the band we use for AM signals creates a wavelength that is extremely large.

To understand why AM radio reception can be difficult, it’s useful to know that every single electronic device exists in opposition to AM radio – it’s extremely susceptible to interference, and we have more devices to interfere with it than ever, including power lines, mobile phones, computers, traffic lights, solar

## What is bandwidth formula?

Bandwidth is measured between the 0.707 current amplitude points. The 0.707 current points correspond to the half power points since P = I2R, (0.707)2 = (0.5). Bandwidth, Δf is measured between the 70.7% amplitude points of series resonant circuit.

## What is the reason that FM requires wider bandwidth as compared to AM?

Transmitted AM bandwidth is fixed at twice the audio bandwidth. However, wide deviation FM provides signal to noise ratio improvements above that which is possible for AM.

## What is the advantage of FM over AM?

The main advantages of FM over AM are: Improved signal to noise ratio (about 25dB) w.r.t. to man made interference. Smaller geographical interference between neighboring stations. Less radiated power.

## WHY IS AM clearer than FM in tunnels and behind hills?

Because of their longer wavelengths, AM waves reflect off a layer of the upper atmosphere called the ionosphere. Frequency modulation allows FM waves to encode more information than does amplitude modulation, so FM broadcasts usually produce clearer sounds than AM broadcasts.